Chihuahua Breed Standard
A graceful, alert, swift-moving little dog with saucy expression, compact, and
with terrier-like qualities of temperament.
Size, Proportion, Substance
Weight - A well balanced
little dog not to exceed 6 pounds. Proportion - The body is off-square; hence, slightly longer when measured
from point of shoulder to point of buttocks, than height at the withers. Somewhat shorter bodies are preferred in males. Disqualification
- Any dog over 6 pounds in weight.
A well rounded "apple dome" skull, with or without molera. Expression
- Saucy. Eyes - Full, but not protruding, balanced, set well apart-luminous dark or luminous ruby. (Light
eyes in blond or white-colored dogs permissible.) Ears - Large, erect type ears, held more upright when alert,
but flaring to the sides at a 45 degree angle when in repose, giving breadth between the ears. Muzzle - Moderately
short, slightly pointed. Cheeks and jaws lean. Nose - Self-colored in blond types, or black. In moles, blues,
and chocolates, they are self-colored. In blond types, pink nose permissible. Bite - Level or scissors. Overshot
or undershot bite, or any distortion of the bite or jaw, should be penalized as a serious fault. Disqualifications
- Broken down or cropped ears.
Neck, Topline, Body
Neck - Slightly arched, gracefully
sloping into lean shoulders. Topline - Level. Body - Ribs rounded and well sprung (but not
too much "barrel-shaped"). Tail - Moderately long, carried sickle either up or out, or in a loop over the
back, with tip just touching the back. (Never tucked between legs.) Disqualifications - Cropped tail, bobtail.
- Lean, sloping into a slightly broadening support above straight forelegs that set well under, giving a free play at the
elbows. Shoulders should be well up, giving balance and soundness, sloping into a level back. (Never down or low.) This gives
a chestiness, and strength of forequarters, yet not of the "Bulldog" chest. Feet - A small, dainty foot with
toes well split up but not spread, pads cushioned. (Neither the hare nor the cat foot.) Pasterns - Fine.
Muscular, with hocks well apart, neither out nor in, well let down, firm and sturdy. The feet are as in front.Coat
the Smooth Coats
the coat should be of soft texture, close and glossy. (Heavier coats with undercoats permissible.) Coat placed well over
body with ruff on neck preferred, and more scanty on head and ears. Hair on tail preferred furry.
In Long Coats,
the coat should be of a soft texture, either flat or slightly curly, with undercoat preferred. Ears
- Fringed. (Heavily fringed ears may be tipped slightly if due to the fringes and not to weak ear leather, never down.) Tail
- Full and long (as a plume). Feathering on feet and legs, pants on hind legs and large ruff on the neck desired and preferred.
Disqualification - In Long Coats, too thin coat that resembles bareness.
marked or splashed.
The Chihuahua should move swiftly with a firm, sturdy action, with good reach in
front equal to the drive from the rear. From the rear, the hocks remain parallel to each other, and the foot fall of the rear
legs follows directly behind that of the forelegs. The legs, both front and rear, will tend to converge slightly toward a
central line of gravity as speed increases. The side view shows good, strong drive in the rear and plenty of reach in the
front, with head carried high. The topline should remain firm and the backline level as the dog moves.
with terrier-like qualities.
Any dog over 6 pounds in weight.
Broken down or cropped
Cropped tail, bobtail.
In Long Coats, too thin coat that resembles bareness.